Review and Progress

Enhancing Dairy Cow Milk Fat Synthesis Genes with CRISPR-Cas9 Technology to Increase Dairy Product Yield  

Bo Yang
Qingyun Environmental Technology Co., Ltd, Shangyu, 312300, China
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/ijmvr.2024.14.0002
Received: 26 Nov., 2023    Accepted: 30 Nov., 2023    Published: 03 Jan., 2024
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Yang B., 2024, Enhancing dairy cow milk fat synthesis genes with CRISPR-Cas9 technology to increase dairy product yield, International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research, 14(1): 9-16 (doi: 10.5376/ijmvr.2024.14.0002)

Abstract

This study explores the prospects and potential impacts of using CRISPR-Cas9 technology to improve the genes involved in milk fat synthesis in cows, aiming to increase dairy product yield. Dairy products hold a significant position in global diets, making it an urgent challenge to enhance dairy product production. Milk fat synthesis genes in cows play a crucial role in both the quality and quantity of dairy products. CRISPR-Cas9 technology, as an efficient and precise gene editing tool, provides a powerful instrument for improving cow genetics. By precisely editing genes related to milk fat synthesis, it is possible to enhance the milk fat synthesis capacity of cows, thereby increasing dairy product yields. Gene-edited cows also have the potential to improve milk fat quality, reduce environmental impact, enhance food safety, and bolster the sustainability of the dairy industry. However, gene editing raises ethical and legal concerns that require careful consideration. Ensuring safety and ethical compliance is a key challenge in future research and applications. In summary, the prospects for using CRISPR-Cas9 technology to improve cow milk fat synthesis genes are promising and have the potential to make significant contributions to meeting the growing global demand for dairy products.

Keywords
CRISPR-Cas9 technology; Cow; Milk fat synthesis; Dairy product yield; Gene editing
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