Review and Progress

Long-Term Impact of Feline Calicivirus (FCV): From Transmission Dynamics to Disease Management  

Zhaolin Wang1 , Xiaofang Lin2
1 Ruipai Pet Hospital, Sanya, 572000, China
2 Tropical Animal Medicine Center of Hainan Tropical Agricultural Resources Research Institute, Sanya, 572025, China
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/ijmvr.2024.14.0003
Received: 15 Jan., 2024    Accepted: 22 Jan., 2024    Published: 31 Jan., 2024
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Preferred citation for this article:

Wang Z.L., and Lin X.F., 2024, Long-term impact of feline calicivirus (FCV): from transmission dynamics to disease management, International Journal of Molecular Veterinary Research, 14(1): 17-22 (doi: 10.5376/ijmvr.2024.14.0003)

Abstract

Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a key pathogen causing respiratory diseases in feline species. This study synthesizes research findings on FCV, delving into its transmission pathways, clinical manifestations, and the long-term impact of chronic infections on feline health. The research reveals that FCV spreads through aerosols, direct contact, and environmental surfaces, with transmission dynamics influenced by seasons and geographical factors. Clinically, FCV infections exhibit acute and chronic symptoms, varying across age groups and populations. Chronic infections may lead to prolonged immune system impairment, and clinical case analyses highlight the significant impact of chronic infections on feline populations. Regarding treatment, the study evaluates the efficacy of current antiviral drugs and symptomatic therapies while exploring the current status and future directions of vaccine development. By providing a comprehensive understanding of FCV, this research serves as a crucial reference for future development of more effective disease management and prevention strategies.

Keywords
Feline calicivirus; Transmission pathways; Chronic infections; Clinical manifestations; Disease management
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